Marxism contains a complete worldview that includes an explanation of the origin of the universe and an eschatological theory concerning the final destiny of humankind (that is the evolution from feudalism, to capitalism, to socialism and to communism).

Marx viewed law as a tool of guaranteeing, and justifying ‘class oppression’. He considered ‘the state and its laws as mere instruments of class oppression that would disappear when the last stage of communism was achieved’.

Essentially, Marx envisioned the end-goal of communism to be the abolition of the state and its law, perhaps ironically, by means of enlarging the state and enforcing the ‘dictatorship of the proletariat’, which would in-turn birth the ‘new man’ who would continue the march toward communism.

Attempts of implementing this governmental system have resulted in the oppression, starvation and murder of hundreds of millions of people. The downside of communism, some would argue, it is the inherent flaws in this concept, most notably by its frequent misunderstanding of human nature. Most notably perhaps, as Lord Acton stated, “power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men”.

Prominent Thinkers:

Karl Marx     Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel     Vladimir Lenin     Evgeny Pashukanis     Nikolai V. Krylenko     Andrei Vyshinsky

See Also:

Evolutionary Legal Theory     Feminist Jurisprudence     Legal Historicism     Critical Legal Studies