Aristotle

Aristotle (c 384–322 BC) was a Greek philosopher and scientist. According to Aristotle, humans are political animals.

Aristotle believed that the family is an association established by nature for the supply of people’s daily needs; when people want more they unite into villages and eventually the state. In this view, society is a natural development of social impulses.

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Plato (left) and Aristotle (right) by Raphael

Aristotle had a great interest in the idea of political corruption. He proposed a mixed or limited government. According to Aristotle, a better government can be achieved by combining positive elements of monarchy and democracy.

In Aristotle’s mind, social conventions are right as they are aligned with the intentions of nature. One can appeal to the right of nature when laws are unjust, for example rape, murder and the like still wrong under natural law, even if allowed by the law of the state.